Seth Barrett

Daily Blog Post: July 29th, 2023


July 29th, 2023

Interacting with Databases in Kotlin: A Comprehensive Guide on Using JDBC

In this post, we'll cover how to connect to databases using Kotlin.

Kotlin supports many different database libraries, including JDBC, Exposed, and Ktor. In this tutorial, we'll focus on using JDBC, which is a standard Java library for connecting to databases.

Connecting to a Database

To connect to a database using JDBC, you'll need to follow these steps:

  • Add the JDBC driver to your project's dependencies. For example, if you're using MySQL, you can add the following to your build.gradle file:

dependencies {
    implementation 'mysql:mysql-connector-java:8.0.27'

  • Load the JDBC driver. This step is necessary to register the driver with the DriverManager so it can be used to connect to the database. Here's an example of loading the MySQL driver:


  • Open a connection to the database. This step establishes a connection to the database using the connection URL, username, and password. Here's an example:

val url = "jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/mydatabase"
val username = "myusername"
val password = "mypassword"

val conn = DriverManager.getConnection(url, username, password)

Executing SQL Statements

Once you have a connection to the database, you can execute SQL statements using the Statement or PreparedStatement classes. Here's an example of executing a SELECT statement using a Statement:

val stmt = conn.createStatement()
val rs = stmt.executeQuery("SELECT * FROM mytable")

while ( {
    val id = rs.getInt("id")
    val name = rs.getString("name")
    val age = rs.getInt("age")
    println("id = $id, name = $name, age = $age")

This will print out the results of the SELECT statement.

Using Prepared Statements

Prepared statements are a way to execute SQL statements with parameters. They are more efficient than regular statements because they can be reused with different parameter values. Here's an example of using a prepared statement to insert a row into a table:

val pstmt = conn.prepareStatement("INSERT INTO mytable (name, age) VALUES (?, ?)")
pstmt.setString(1, "John")
pstmt.setInt(2, 30)

This will insert a row into the mytable table with the name "John" and age 30.

Closing the Connection

Once you're done using the database connection, it's important to close it to free up resources. Here's an example of closing the connection:



That's it for this post! We covered how to connect to databases using JDBC in Kotlin. In the next post, we'll dive into how to build web applications using Kotlin and the Ktor framework.